The No List O - Z

O

Octinoxate

A chemical sunscreen ingredient associated with potential health concerns. An endocrine disruptor.

Olestra

A fat substitute associated with digestive issues.

Oxybenzone

A chemical sunscreen ingredient. Known endocrine disruptor and may increase the risk of breast cancer and endometriosis.

P

Parabens

Used as preservatives in some processed foods and cosmetics. Known to be endocrine disruptors, carcinogenic, and toxic to reproductive organs.

Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS)

Highly toxic fluorinated chemicals used in many products. They build up in our bodies and never break down in the environment. Linked to cancer, reproductive and immune system harm, and other diseases.

Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS)

Synthetic chemical used to make products resistant to stains, grease, soil, and water. Increases risk of cancer.

Perfume/Parfum

Can be a mix of chemicals including more than 100 toxic chemicals. Manufacturers are not required to list their fragrance ingredients on product labels. Known to be an allergen, hormone disruptor, trigger asthma, neurotoxin & carcinogen.

Petroleum (Petrolatum)

Derived from petroleum. Can be found in personal care products as a moisturizing agent. Possible carcinogen due to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) contamination.

Phenol

Ingredient derived from benzene and propylene. It can affect the nervous system, lungs, and kidneys.

Phenoxyethanol

Used as a preservative in cosmetic products and also as a stabilizer in perfumes and soaps. Linked to allergic reactions and affected nervous system function in infants. May contain ethylene oxide residue which is a known carcinogen.

Phthalates

Chemicals that make plastic soft and flexible. Known to be endocrine disruptors, reproductive toxicants, and carcinogenic.

Polyacrylamide

Synthetic ingredient used as a binder in skincare products that may cause organ toxicity.

Polyethylene glycol (PEG)

Used in skincare products. Derived from petroleum and may be contaminated with impurities which are known carcinogens.

Polysorbate 80

A surfactant and solubilizer used in a variety of oral and topical products. Increases risk of cancer, endocrine disruption, and organ toxicity.

Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)

Also known as Teflon®. Fluorinated compound widely used in non-stick products and anti-aging cosmetics likely because it provides a smooth, sleek finish. Associated with cancer, reproductive toxicity, endocrine disruption and environmental bioaccumulation and persistence.

Potassium Bromate

A flour improver that may be carcinogenic.

Potassium Chloride

A salt substitute with potential negative effects on health.

Potassium Sorbate

A preservative that may cause allergic reactions in some individuals.

Q

Quaternium-15

Formaldehyde-releasing preservative. Known skin toxicant and allergen.

R

Retinyl Palmitate

A synthetic form of vitamin A that may increase risk of skin tumors and liver damage.

Ricebran Oil

Highly refined industrial seed oil extracted from rice bran. May be associated with a higher risk of certain types of cancer.

S

Safflower Oil

Highly processed industrial oil made from the seeds of a safflower plant. High in omega 6 fatty acids, which can be inflammatory.

Siloxanes

Silicone-based compounds that are generally used for their softening, smoothing, and moistening action. Associated with reproductive issues, endocrine distruption, and cancer.

Sodium Benzoate

Preservative used in processed foods and beverages to extend shelf life. May form benzene when combines with certain additives. May increase risk of inflammation, oxidative stress, obesity, ADHD, and allergies.

May also be used in non-edible products where it is not considered toxic unless individual has specific skin sensitivity to sodium benzoate.

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS)

A surfactant used to help create foam in products. Can cause skin and lung irritation. Can be contaminated with 1,4 Dioxane, a known carcinogen.

Sodium Nitrite

Used as a preservative in processed meats. Linked to cancer risk.

Soybean Oil

Industrial seed oil and GMO crop made from soybeans. Can increase cholesterol levels and contains a high amount of both polyunsaturated fats (PUFAs) and omega-6 fatty acids.

Sunflower Oil

Industrial seed oil made from sunflower seeds. Highly refined and processed. Very high in Omega-6 linoleic acid.

*High Oleic Sunflower Oil is radically different from sunflower oil having at least 80% Oleic acid versus Linoleic acid.

Sulphites

Preservative used to maintain food color, shelf-life and prevent the growth of fungi or bacteria. Can cause sensitivites, headaches, dermatitis, and asthmatic reactions.

Synthetic Dyes

An umbrella term to describe synthetic color additives used as a dye. Includes Red 40, Blue 1, Green 3, Blue 2, Red 3, and Yellow 6. Derived from petroleum or crude oil. Have been linked to many health conditions from hyperactivity to allergic reactions to cancer.

Nail polish is an exception with synthetic dyes and it is recommended to limit use when possible.

T

Talc

A naturally occurring mineral substance used in a variety of cosmetic and personal care products from baby powders to eye shadows. Can be contaminated with asbestos and asbestos fibers, a mineral substance linked to cancer. May cause severe respiratory distress and adversely affect the female reproductive system.

TBHQ

Additive and preservative that may increase the risk for tumors and may be a neurotoxin.

Tetreasodium EDTA

Helps to keep a products texture, color, and odor consistent. It is made from formaldehyde and may be an eye irritant.

Titanium Dioxide

Whitening agent used in products. May be a carcinogen and can disrupt the gut.

Toluene

Toxic chemical used in in nail products and hair dyes. Exposure can result headaches, dizziness, cracked skin, reproductive damage and respiratory complications.

Trans Fats

Artificial fats associated with heart disease and inflammation.

Triclosan

An antimicrobial agent commonly used in many soaps and detergents. There is evidence that triclosan is an endocrine disruptor and impacts thyroid function and thyroid homeostasis. Can accumulate in fatty tissues.

Triethanolamine (TEA)

Functions as a surfactant or pH adjuster in cosmetics and personal care products. Can form nitrosamines which are carcinogenic. Known to be toxic to the skin, the immune system, and the respiratory tract.

U

V

Vanillin

A common synthetic artificial flavoring with potential health concerns.

Vegetable Oil

Usually a mixture of oils. Highly processed and refined and high in Omega-6. Linked to inflammation and heart disease.

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs)

Compounds that have a high vapor pressure and low water solubility. Linked to eye, nose, and throat irritation; headaches, damage to the liver, kidneys, or central nervous system, and cancer.

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